Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Final

The Morning After Pill
The “morning after pill” is an emergency contraception that is used within 120 hours after sexual intercourse to achieve the prevention of pregnancy. The contraception works by inhibiting ovulation, altering the normal menstrual cycle, and irritating the lining of the uterus so that if the first and second methods fail, the fetus would die because it could not attach to the lining of the uterus. It is important for women to know though that there are both negative and positive aspects of emergency contraception. The pill has various health risks but it is considered to be basically very effective. (Emergency Contraception)
Women who use this method are exposing themselves to an abnormal amount of progesterone and estrogen. These are the two hormones that are typically used in birth control; however, these pills contain double the amount, sometimes slightly more, of what is found in a typical birth control pill.
When these two hormones are consumed in high doses it can be quite dangerous. Testing has shown that estrogen may increase a person’s risk of developing endometrial cancer, a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the uterus. Other studies have shown that women who have taken estrogen have a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clots in the lungs or legs, breast cancer, in addition to the potential loss of ability to think, learn, and understand; also known as dementia. Progesterone has its own side effects which can include impaired thinking, sudden numbness, chest pains, problems with vision, speech, and it may also cause symptoms of depression.
Even with all the potential dangers that come with taking the pill, it is still effective in its process. There are women everyday that become pregnant from rape, or some type of contraception failure. These women should be given the opportunity of a second chance and the allowance of this pill will provide that opportunity for them.
If a person is to use this contraception, then she must educate herself on the facts because it is important to know not only the benefits but also the dangers of the pill. First, this emergency contraception has unfortunately become popularly known as “the morning after pill.” This is a misleading term to use because it gives off the impression that women have only an extremely small interval of time to take the medication. The term may imply to some that they have to wait until the morning after conception for the pill to work. Others may believe that the treatment is no longer effective if a woman waits past the next morning. In actually neither is completely true; the medication can be taken immediately after unprotected intercourse or any time up to about 120 hours later (five days). Some studies indicate that it can be effective even when taken much later. However, its effectiveness seems to be reduced as time passes, so it is important that, if it is going to be taken, that it be taken as soon as possible. (Emergency Contraception)
A positive aspect of the pill is that it is about 90 percent effective in the cases that it has been used. This contraception also provides, in comparison to typical methods of abortions, a safer path to having “piece of mind”. When women use this pill, they are preventing themselves from having to rely on a surgical procedure. This would allow them to maintain their normal lifestyle with potentially no recovery time. The pill is also significantly less expensive than what the typical abortion procedure may costs, thus making it more available to females who may have experienced a traumatic event but do not have the means for any other methods of abortion.
Emergency contraception may also help women psychologically deal with the trauma of being physically assaulted. Forced sex can be extremely distressing for those who have experienced it and this pill will be able to give these women some immediate peace. Many religions conflict with the idea of abortion and this pill can allow women alternative options that may not clash with their religious views.
If women find themselves in the position of where they need the pill, for example they have suffered a sexual assault, then she should be able to get it with a prescription and with parental permission if they are under 18. A prescription will provide pharmacies with the knowledge that the women taking the contraception are at least 18 and are not at risk of any additional dangers due to an undeveloped body. Also it could help to keep a record of how often any certain female may take it, thus possibly reducing the chance of individuals succumbing to substance abuse.
The pill is a good idea if it is used for emergency situations only, not excessively and not as merely a “back up plan”. If a person is to use this contraception, then she should educate herself on the facts because it is important to know not only the benefits but also the dangers of the pill. Emergency contraception can be dangerous but essentially is a good idea when used as intended; for emergencies. Although I still feel that a prescription should be required, I now have knowledge and understanding of what the side effects and risk may be with the pill, I agree with my partner; why not take the “Morning After Pill”.

Work Cited
“Birth Control” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 2007
Emergency Contraception: The Morning After Pill. American Life League, Inc. April 16, 2008. http://www.morningafterpill.org/mapinfol.htm
Gardiner Harris. “U.S. Rules Morning-After Pill can’t be sold over the counter”. New York Times. 7 May 2004: front page
Gloria Feldt, Ray Suarez, Wendy Wright. Morning-After Pill: A New Hour with Jim Lehrer Transcript. December 17, 2003. PBS. April 10, 2008. www.pbs.org/newhour/bb/health/july-dec.03/pill_12-17.html
Luigi Mastroianni Jr. Peter J. Donaldson, and Thomas T. Kane, Developing New Contraceptives (Obstacles and Opportunities). Washington D.C., National Academy Press, 1990
The Associate Press.” Health and Behavior”. USA Today. 16 December 2003: front page

Wednesday, April 16, 2008

Emergency Contraception

The Morning after Pill
The “morning after pill” is an emergency contraception used within 72 hours after sexual intercourse, to achieve the prevention of pregnancy. This method is a good idea in theory but its process is actually quite dangerous for women. Women are exposing themselves to double the amount of hormones a typical birth control pill may contain, if a woman has experienced contraception failure or experienced a sexual assault then she should be able to receive emergency contraception with a prescription.
Women are exposing themselves to double the amounts of progesterone and estrogen two artificial steroids that are typically found in birth control. The contraception works by inhibiting ovulation, altering the normal menstrual cycle, and irritating the lining of the uterus so that if the first and second methods fail, the human being would die because it could not attach to the lining of the uterus. Simply put, the morning after pill is a chemical abortion. The effects of this chemical abortion are nausea, vomiting, infertility, breast tenderness, blood clot formation, and if the morning-after pill fails to prevent pregnancy, there is an increased chance it is an ectopic pregnancy.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the negative aspect of the emergency contraception even though it may be effective it is still quite dangerous. The two steroids progesterone and estrogen are consumed in high doses may be quite dangerous. It has been tested that estrogen increases the risk that you will develop endometrial cancer. It has also been studied that women who have taken estrogen have a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, blood clots in the lungs or legs, breast cancer, and the loss of ability to think, learn, and understand; known as dementia.
Progesterone the other steroid found in the emergency contraception can cause side effects that may impair your thinking, cause sudden numbness, chest pains, problems with vision, speech, the steroid even may cause symptoms of depression. I feel that this pill will be more effective and less dangerous if they could determine a method that does not introduce such high levels of steroids to women.
Also, with this pill being a chemical abortion one must make the moral and ethical decision about aborting a life. Many believe that life begins at contraception, and human rights should protect a human pre-embryo, embryo and fetus. When a women decides to take the morning after pill she needs to realize that there are two lives that should be considered, that woman’s and her embryo or fetus.
Emergency contraception has unfortunately become popularly known as “the morning after pill.” This is a poor term to use because it implies that women have only a small interval of time to take the medication. From the term some people have concluded that a woman has to wait for many hour before the pill may be effective for instance the “morning after”. Others believe that the treatment is no longer effective if a woman waits past the next morning. In all honesty neither is true; the medication can be taken immediately after unprotected intercourse, or at any time up to about 72 hours later. Some studies indicate that it is effective even later. However, its efficacy seems to be reduced as time passes, so it is important that, if it is going to be taken, that it be taken quickly.
It also important to know that Emergency contraception, if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse will prevent a pregnancy from starting in about only 90% of its cases. However, many pharmacies refuse to stock the medication and many pharmacists refuse to dispense it on moral or religious grounds. Since there are so many hurdles that women may encounter while trying to obtain this medication in the future because of rape or contraceptive failure might wish to determine, in advance of need, the nearest pharmacy which will supply them with medication. They might also wish to obtain a prescription from their physician, and perhaps even purchase the medication to have it on hand in case they need it.

Friday, April 11, 2008

Mediated Brief

The Morning After Pill is an emergency contraception, meaning that it should not be used as a back up plan for women who choose to have unprotected sex. Mia and I have come to the conclusion that the pill does have its advantages but if a women chooses to take it she needs to also know the health risk that come with the pill. This pill contains double the amount of hormones found in regular birth control pills and cause things such as nausea, heart problems, and ectopic pregnancies. But the pill does allow women who have had unfortunate expereriences a second chance. I feel that if women are in the situation where they need the morning after pill that they should be allowed to have it with a perscription.

Wednesday, April 2, 2008

The Morning After Pill

The morning after pill is an emergency contraception used within 72 hours after sexual intercourse, to achieve the prevention of pregnancy. This method is a good idea in theory but I disagree with its process because it is actually quite dangerous for women. Women are exposing themselves to double the amounts of progesterone and estrogen two artificial steroids that are typically found in birth control. The contraception works by inhibiting ovulation, altering the normal menstrual cycle, and irritating the lining of the uterus so that if the first and second methods fail, the human being would die because it could not attach to the lining of the uterus. Simply put, the morning after pill is a chemical abortion. The effects of this chemical abortion are nausea, vomiting, infertility, breast tenderness, blood clot formation, and can also be life threatening.